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References using Raja clavata
Ref No. Description Page
000194  Möller, H. and K. Anders,1986 Diseases and parasites of marine fishes. Verlag Möller, Kiel. 365 p.
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 50-53; 624-625
000268  Coull, K.A., A.S. Jermyn, A.W. Newton, G.I. Henderson and W.B. Hall,1989 Length/weight relationships for 88 species of fish encountered in the North Atlantic. Scottish Fish. Res. Rep. (43):80 p.
000274  Flower, S.S.,1935 Further notes on the duration of life in animals. I. Fishes: as determined by otolith and scale-readings and direct observations on living individuals. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 2:265-304.
000897  Svetovidov, A.N.,1964 Handbook of the fauna of the USSR, fishes of the Black Sea. Izdatel'stvo Nauka, Moscow, 550 p.
001124  Holden, M.T.,1972 The growth rates of Raja brachyura, R. clavata and R. montagui as determined from tagging data. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 34(2):161-168.
001652  Linnaeus, C.,1758 Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 p. 232
001756  Nijssen, H. and S.J. de Groot,1974 Catalogue of fish species of the Netherlands. Beaufortia 21(285):173-207.
002302  Hughes, G.M. and M. Morgan,1973 The structure of fish gills in relation to their respiratory function. Biol. Revs. 48(3):419-475.
002303  Hughes, G.M.,1972 Distribution of oxygen tension in the blood and water along the secondary lamella of icefish gills. J. Exp. Biol. 56:481-492.
002304  Hughes, G.M. and D.E. Wright,1970 A comparative study of the ultrastructure of the water/blood pathway in the secondary lamellae of teleost and elasmobranch fishes - benthic forms. Z. Zellforsch. 104:478-493.
002683  Schneider, W.,1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p.
002708  Hulley, P.A.,1986 Rajidae. p. 115-127. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 120
003166  Bianchi, G.,1986 Fichas FAO de identifacao de espécies para propósitos comerciais. Guia de campo para as espécies comerciais marinhas e de águas salobras de Angola. Preparado com o apoio da NORAD e da FAO (FIRM) Programa Regular, FAO, Rome. 184 p. 121
003167  Stehmann, M. and D.L. Bürkel,1984 Rajidae. p. 163-196. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1. 185-186
003261  Bauchot, M.-L.,1987 Raies et autres batoides. p. 845-886. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identificationpour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Mèditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome.
003383  Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,1990 Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford.
003603  Ryland, J.S. and T.O. Ajayi,1984 Growth and population dynamics of three Raja species (Batoidei) in Carmarthen Bay, British Isles. J. Const. int. Explor. Mer 41:111-120.
004426  Stehmann, M.,1990 Rajidae. p. 29-50. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic. Junta Nacional de Investigaçao Cientifica e Tecnológica, Lisbon, Portugal. Vol. 1. 38-39
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004645  Muus, B. and P. Dahlström,1978 Meeresfische der Ostsee, der Nordsee, des Atlantiks. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München. 244 p.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
004760  Abdel-Aziz, S.H.,1992 The use of vertebral rings of the brown ray Raja miraletus (Linnaeus, 1758) off Egyptian Mediterranean coast for estimation of age and growth. Cybium 16(2):121-132.
004764  Brander, K. and D. Palmer,1985 Growth rate of Raja clavata in the north east Irish Sea. J. Cons. CIEM 42:125-128.
004921  Ajayi, T.O.,1982 Food and feeding habits of Raja species (Batoidei) in Carmarthen Bay, Bristol Channel. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 62:215-223.
004931  FAO,1992 FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p.
005204  Wheeler, A.,1992 A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(suppl.A):1-37.
005578  Compagno, L.J.V., D.A. Ebert and M.J. Smale,1989 Guide to the sharks and rays of southern Africa. New Holland (Publ.) Ltd., London. 158 p. 94
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 20
006014  Dorel, D.,1986 Poissons de l'Atlantique nord-est relations taille-poids. Institut Francais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer. Nantes, France. 165 p.
006302  Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlstrøm,1989 Havfisk og Fiskeri i Nordvesteuropa. GEC Gads Forlag, København, 244 p. (in Danish). 52-53
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006808  Brito, A.,1991 Catalogo de los pesces de las Islas Canarias. Francisco Lemus, la Laguna. 230 p. 40;fig.22
008533  Chiarelli, A.B. and E. Capanna,1973 Cytotaxonomy and vertebrate evolution. Academic Press Inc., London.
008537  Nygren, A., B. Nilsson and M. Jahnke,1971 Cytological study in Hypotremata and Pleurotremata (Pisces). Hereditas 67:275-282.
008973  Vasil'ev, V.P.,1980 Chromosome numbers in fish-like vertebrates and fish. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):1-38. 2
008984  FAO,1994 FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p.
009057  Economidis, P.S.,1973 Catalogue of the fishes of Greece. Reprinted from Hellenic Oceanology and Limnology, Praktika of the Inst. of Ocean. and Fishing Research, vol. 11 (1972).
009488  Bruce, J.R., J.S. Colman and N.S. Jones,1963 Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Memoir No. 36. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool. 252
009900  Flintegård, H.,1987 Fishes in the North Sea Museum's aquaria. North Sea Museum, North Sea Centre, DK-9850 Hirtshals. Hirtshals Bogtryk/Offset A/S.
009987  Frimodt, C.,1995 Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial warmwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 172
009995  Stehmann, M.,1979 Rajidae. p. 58-69. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Checklist of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM), UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 1. 59
010311  Fritzsch, B. and P. Moller,1995 A history of electroreception. p. 39-55. In P. Moller (ed.) Electric fishes:history and behavior. Fish and Fisheries Series 17. Chapman & Hall, London. 55
010953  Joensen, J.S. and Å. Vedel Tåning,1970 Marine and freshwater fishes. Zoology of the Faroes LXII-LXIII, 241 p. Reprinted form. 33-34
012253  Kinzer, J.,1983 Aquarium Kiel: Beschreibungen zur Biologie der ausgestellten Tierarten. Institut für Meereskunde an der Universität Kiel. pag. var.
012462  Jonsson, G.,1992 Islenskir fiskar. Fiolvi, Reykjavik, 568 pp. 25
012577  Gibson, R.N. and I.A. Ezzi,1987 Feeding relationships of a demersal fish assemblage on the west coast of Scotland. J. Fish Biol. 31(1):55-69. 55-69
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
013729  Amori, G., F.M. Angelici, S. Frugis, G. Gandolfi, R. Groppali, B. Lanza, G. Relini and G. Vicini,1993 Vertebrata. In A. Minelli, S. Ruffo and S. La Posta (eds.) Checklist delle specie della fauna Italiana, 110. Calderini, Bologna, 83 p.
026178  Merella, P., A. Quetglas, F. Alemany and A. Carbonell,1997 Length-weight relationship of fishes and cephalopods from the Balearic Islands (western Mediterranean). Naga ICLARM Q. 20(3/4):66-68.
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p.
026335  Costa, F.,1991 Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani. Gruppo Ugo Mursia Editore S.p.A. Milano, Italy. 438 p. 254-255
026388  Sanches, J.G.,1989 Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 100
026999  Sanches, J.G.,1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 16:429 p. 37
027121  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265p. 89,92,208
027156  Sánchez, F., F. de la Gándara and R. Gancedo,1995 Atlas de los peces demersales de Galicia y el Cantábrico. Otoño 1991-1993. Publicaciones Especiales, Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain (20). 100 p.
027314  McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn,1998 Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. 285
027347  ICES Demersal Fish Committee,1997 Report of the Study Group on Elasmobranchs. ICES CM /G:2, 123 p. 41
027365  Walker, P.A., J.I.J. Witte and H. van Steenbergen,2000 Growth and maturation of ray species in the North Sea: a comparative study. (in prep.).
028070  Ellis, J.R., M.G. Pawson and S.E. Shackley,1996 The comparative feeding ecology of six species of shark and four species of ray (Elasmobranchii) in the north-east Atlantic. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 76(1):89-106. 89-106
028571  Appleby, C.,1999 List of Norwegian common names of fishes. Unpublished.
028679  Went, A.E.J.,1957 List of Irish fishes. Department of Lands, Fisheries Division, Dublin. 31 p. 7
029443  Stingo, V.,1979 New developments in vertebrate cytotaxonomy. II. The chromosomes of the cartilaginous fishes. Genetica 50(3):227-239.
030184  Arkhipchuk, V.V.,1999 Chromosome database. Database of Dr. Victor Arkhipchuk.
030402  Kullander, S.O.,1999 Swedish fishes: checklist of Swedish fishes. Swedish Museum of Natural History., 25 May 1999.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033021  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1999 Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of November 1999. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in November 1999.
033390  Fricke, R.,1999 Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p. 30
033798  Soljan, T.,1975 I pesci dell'Adriatico. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Verona, Italy.
033971  Lanfranco, G.G.,1996 The fish around Malta (Central Mediterranean). Progress Press Co. Ltd. (Malta). 132 p. 10
034370  Klinkhardt, M, M. Tesche and H. Greven,1995 Database of fish chromosomes. Westarp Wissenschaften. 30
035117  Alegre, M., J. Lleonart and J. Veny,1992 Espècies pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Departament de Cultura, Generalitat Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. 13
035204  Santos, R.S., F.M. Porteiro and J.P. Barreiros,1997 Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography. Bulletin of the University of Azores. Supplement 1. 244 p. 15
035388  Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen,1999 Sea fish. Scandinavian Fishing Year Book, Hedehusene, Denmark. 340 p. 66
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
035509  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Intitut fur Seefischerei (ISH). BIOLAB Forschungsinstitut, Hohenwestedt, Germany.
035766  Compagno, L.J.V.,1999 Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. 492
036252  Winkler, H.M., K. Skora, R. Repecka, M. Ploks, A. Neelov, L. Urho, A. Gushin and H. Jespersen,2000 Checklist and status of fish species in the Baltic Sea. ICES CM 2000/Mini:11, 15 p.
036508  Hilton-Taylor, C.,2000 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xviii + 61 p. (with 1 CD-ROM).
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
036731  Bianchi, G., K.E. Carpenter, J.-P. Roux, F.J. Molloy, D. Boyer and H.J. Boyer,1999 FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia. FAO, Rome. 265 p. 94
037661  De Gee, A. and A.H. Kikkert,1993 Analysis of the grey gurnard (Eutrigla gurnardus) samples collected during the 1991 International Stomach Sampling Project. ICES C.M. 1993/G:14. 25 p. 25
037666  Daan, N., B. Johnson, J.R. Larsen and H. Sparholt,1993 Analysis of the ray (Raja spec.) samples collected during the 1991 International Stomach Sampling Project. ICES C.M. 1993/G:15. 17 p. 13;tab.4a
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039186  Maxim, C. and N. Papadopol,1995 Clasa Osteichthyes. Diversity of Living World-An illustrated guide book of Rumanian biota. The Marine Environment coordinated by Müller, G.I., Bucuresti.
039246  Capapé, C. and M. Desoutter,1981 Nouvelle description de Raja (Raja) clavata Linnaeus, 1758 et note sur la validité de Raja (Raja) capensis Müller et Henle, 1841. Cybium 5(4):23-39. 24;fig.1
039328  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of CSIC. CSIC, Spain.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 20
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040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041249  Ishihara, H.,1990 Study on the systematics and fishery resources of the North Pacific skates (Pisces: Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Tokyo University. 186 p. Ph.D. dissertation.
041250  Bor, P.,2002 Egg-capsules of sharks and skates.
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041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041474  Economidis, P.S.,2001 Common names of Hellenic marine fishes. Aristotle University, Unpublished Technical Report.
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041523  Sammut, R.,2001 Mediterranean sea fishes (Central Region). Qormi: SRT Press, 203 p.
041670  Stehmann, M.,1995 A record of Raja clavata, the eastern atlantic Thornback Skate, from the southern Madagascar ridge at Walters Shoal (Elasmobranchii, Rajidae). J. Ichthyol. 35(5):63-73. 63
041849  Holden, M.J. and R.N. Tucker,1974 The food of Raja clavata Linnaeus 1758, Raja montagui Fowler 1910, Raja naevus Müller and Henle 1841 and Raja brachyura Lafont 1873 in British waters. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 35(2):189-193. 190;tab.2
042683  Ebeling, E.,1988 A brief survey of the feeding preferences of Raja clavata in Red Wharf Bay in the Irish Sea. p. 1-5 plus tables. ICES, C.M. 1988/G:58, Demersal Fish Committee. tabI.II-III
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