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References using Epinephelus adscensionis
Ref No. Description Page
000029  Thompson, R. and J.L. Munro,1983 The biology, ecology and bionomics of the hinds and groupers, Serranidae. p.59-81. In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 7.
000032  Randall, J.E.,1968 Caribbean reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., The British Crown Colony of Hong Kong. 318 p. 58
000033  Randall, J.E.,1967 Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. Miami 5:665-847.
000034  Opitz, S.,1989 pers. comm. missing.
000171  Coppola, S.R., W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, N. Scialabba and K.E. Carpenter,1994 SPECIESDAB: Global species database for fishery purposes. User's manual. FAO Computerized Information Series (Fisheries). No. 9. Rome, FAO. 103 p.
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 37
000716  Randall, J.E.,1962 Tagging reef fishes in the Virgin Islands. Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 14:201-241.
001496  Barnard, K.H.,1927 A monograph of the marine fishes of South Africa. Part II. (Teleostei-Discocephali to end. Appendix). Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 21:419-1065.
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
001953  Smith, J.L.B.,1949 The sea fishes of southern Africa. Central News Agency Ltd., Cape Town. 550 p.
003589  Smith, C.L.,1990 Serranidae. p. 695-706. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 696-697
003708  Smith, C.L.,1978 Serranidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 4. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
004699  International Game Fish Association,1991 World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA.
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 427
005222  Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall,1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. 103;fig.241;pl.7b
005288  Edwards, A.,1990 Fish and fisheries of Saint Helena Island. Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 281
005969  Kotlyar, A.N.,1984 Dictionary of names of marine fishes on the six languages. All Union Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. 288 p. 73
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
006512  Heemstra, P.C.,1991 A taxonomic revision of the eastern Atlantic groupers (Pisces: Serranidae). Bol. Mus. Mun. Funchal 43(226):5-71.
006572  Smith, C.L.,1971 A revision of the American groupers: Epinephelus and allied genera. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. N.Y.146:1-241.
006709  Edwards, A.J. and C.W. Glass,1987 The fishes of Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic Ocean. I. The shore fishes. J. Nat. Hist. 21(3):617-686.
006710  Bullock, L.H. and G.B. Smith,1991 Sea basses (Pisces: Serranidae). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises. Marine Research Laboratory, Florida Dept. of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida, Vol. 8, Pt. 2, 205 p.
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 132
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 148.5
009761  Humann, P.,1994 Reef fish identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 426 p. 152-153
010937  Anonymous,1996 Fish collection database of the University of British Columbia Fish Museum Fish Museum. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 87-8
013613  Sánchez, A.C.,1997 Listado taxonomico de las especies marinas identificadas en los océanos Pacífico y Atlántico (Caribe) de Nicaragua. Ministerio de Economía y Desarrollo. MEDE PESCA. Managua. 28 p. 20
026180  Ogden, J.C., J.A. Yntema and I. Clavijo,1975 An annotated list of the fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Spec. Publ. No. 3. 12
026252  Bouchon-Navaro, Y. and M. Louis,1986 Les poissons des formations corallienes de la Martinique. Ann. Inst. Océanogr., Paris 62(2):251-270. 256
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026409  García-Cagide, A., R. Claro and B.V. Koshelev,1994 Reproducción. p. 187-262. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Inst. Oceanol. Acad. Cienc. Cuba. and Cen. Invest. Quintana Roo (CIQRO) México. 256
026827  Crossman, E.J.,1972 Collecting trip to St. Lucia. Dept. Ichthyology & Herpetology. 32 p. 26
026840  Jacobs, N.D.,1998 Assessment and analysis of the fisheries sector and marine coastal areas. Belize National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (UNDP/GEF-Project No. BZE/97/G31). ann.I
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 444
027295  Butsch, R.S.,1939 A list of Barbadian fishes. J.B.M.H.S. 7(1):17-31. 23
027620  Silva, M.,1994 Especies identificadas en las pesquerias costeras artesanales del Suroeste de la Republica Dominica. Reportes del Propescar-Sur: contribuciones al conocimiento de las pesquerías en la República Dominicana. Vol. 1, 47p. 01-12
028620  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's underwater photos. Collection of almost 2,000 underwater photos (slides). Unpublished.
030426  Randolph, S. and M. Snyder,1993 The seafood list: FDA's guide to acceptable market names for seafood sold in interstate commerce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, USA. pag. var. 17
031172  Halstead, B.W.,1970 Results of a field survey on fish poisoning in the Virgin and Leeward Islands during 7-18th January 1970. p. 15. In UNDP/FAO Caribbean Fisheries Development Project, Barbados.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031618  Potts, J.C. and C.S. Manooch III,1995 Age and growth of red hind and rock hind collected from North Carolina through the Dry Tortugas, Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. 56(3):784-794.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
034088  Afonso, P., F.M. Porteiro, R.S. Santos, J.P. Barreiros, J. Worms and P. Wirtz,1999 Coastal marine fishes of São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Arquipélago 17(A):65-92. 72
034514  Debelius, H.,1998 Fischführer Mittelmeer und Atlantik. Jahr Verlag GmbH & Co., Hamburg. 305 p. 144
034632  Wirtz, P.,1992 São Tomé: eine paradies für taucher und meerwasser-aquarianer. Das Aquarien 271:21-26.
035141  Pollnac, R.B.,1998 Aspects of the human ecology of the coral reefs of Discovery Bay. p. 141-199. In R.B. Pollnac (ed.) Rapid assessment of management parameters for coral reefs. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. CMR 2205, ICLARM 1445. 182
035205  Zaneveld, J.S.,1983 Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 44
036484  Willoughby, S., J.D. Neilson and C. Taylor,1999 The depth distribution of exploited reef fish populations off the south and west coasts of Barbados. Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish Inst. 45:57-68. 61
036670  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa.
036754  To be filled,1997 Lista de especies comerciales marinas y continentales en Colombia. p. 200-205. In Chaves S., M.E. and N. V. Arango (eds.) Causas de pérdida de biodiversidad. Tomo II. Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos, Santafé de Bogotá. 200
038265  Nomura, H.,1984 Dicionário dos peixes do Brasil. Brasília: Editerra. 482p.
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040038  Mahon, R. and S.D. Mahon,1994 Structure and resilience of a tidepool fish assemblage at Barbados. Environ. Biol. Fishes 41(1-4):171-190. 174
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040849  Gasparini, J.L. and S.R. Floeter,2001 The shore fishes of Trindade Island, western South Atlantic. J. Nat. Hist. 35:1639-1656. 1644
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
042063  Carvalho, V.A. and R.L. Branco,1977 Relação de espécies marinhas e estuarinas do nordeste brasileiro. P.D.P. Documentos Técnicos(25):60p.
042072  Suzuki, C.R.,1986 Guia de peixes do litoral brasileiro. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Edições Marítimas. 394 p.
042240  Pattengill, C.V., B.X. Semmens and S.R. Gittings,1997 Reef fish trophic structure at the Flower Gardens and Stetson Bank, NW Gulf of Mexico. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Sym. 1:1023-1028. 1024
045317  Chan, T.T.C. and Y. Sadovy,2002 Reproductive biology, age and growth in the chocolate hind, Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790), in Hong Kong. Mar. Freshwat. Res. (53):791-803.
045556  Rooker, J.R., Q.R. Dokken, C.V. Pattengill and G.J. Holt,1997 Fish assemblages on artificial and natural reefs in the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, USA. Coral Reefs 16:83-92. 86
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 88
051229  Heemstra, P.C., W.D. Anderson and P.S. Lobel,2003 Serranidae. Groupers (seabasses, creolefish, coney, hinds, hamlets, anthiines, and soapfishes). p. 1308-1369. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae).
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 235
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 127
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 46
055244  Craig, M.T., D.J. Pondella II, J.P.C. Franck and J.C. Hafner,2001 On the status of the serranid fish genus Epinephelus: evidence for paraphyly based upon 16S rDNA sequence. Mol. Phylo. Evol. 19(1):121-130. 124
056479  Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar,2004 Atlas pesquero del area norte del Mar Caribe de Colombia. Universidad del Magadalena, Santa Marta. 230 p. 180
057756  Floeter, S.R., J.L. Gasparini, L.A. Rocha, C.E.L. Ferreira, C.A. Rangel and B.M. Feitoza,2003 Brazilian reef fish fauna: checklist and remarks (updated Jan. 2003). Brazilian Reef Fish Project: 5
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
058971  Erdman, D.S.,1983 Nombres vulgares de los peces en Puerto Rico (Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico). Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Technical report, vol 3. no. 2, second revised edition. 44 p. 7
075549  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
078464  McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm,2005 Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. Austin : University of Texas Press. viii+1004p. 142
081979  Sampaio, C.L.S. and M.C. Nottingham,2008 Guia para identificação de peixes ornamentais - volume I: espécies marinhas. Brasília: Ibama, 205 p.
083882  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084211  Feitoza, B.M., R.S. Rosa and L.A. Rocha,2005 Ecology and zoogeography of deep-reef fishes in Northeastern Brazil. Bull. Mar. Sci. 76(3):725-742.
084357  Schultz, K.,2000 Fishing encyclopedia: worldwide angling guide. Foster City, California (IDG Books Worldwide, Inc.): 1916 p. 752
086997  Lubbock, R.,1980 The shore fishes of Ascension Island. J. Fish Biol. 17(3):283-303. 289
089707  Craig, M.T., YJ. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra,2011 Groupers of the world: a field and market guide. North America: CRC Press/Taylor and Francis Group. 356 p. 71
090062  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 122
095632  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
096833  Dennis, G.D. and T.J. Bright,1988 Reef fish assemblages on hard banks in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 43(2):280-307. 291
096838  Grimes, C.B., C.S. Manooch and G.R. Huntsman,1982 Reef and rock outcropping fishes of the outer continental shelf of North Carolina and South Carolina, and ecological notes on the red porgy and vermilion snapper. Bulletin of Marine Science 32(1):277-289. 280; 285
096842  Gobert, B., P. Berthou, E. Lopez, P. Lespagnol, M.D. Oqueli Turcios, C. Macabiau and P. Portillo,2005 Early stages of snapper-grouper exploitation in the Caribbean (Bay Islands, Honduras). Fisheries Research 73(2005):159-169. 162
096843  Perello, S.Z., R. Moreno Mendoza and N. Simões,2014 Checklist of fishes from Madagascar Reef., Campeche Bank, Mexico. Biodiversity Data Journal 2(2014):1-33. 6
098447  Wirtz, P., J. Bingeman, J. Bingeman, R. Fricke, T.J. Hook and J. Young,2017 The fishes of Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean: new records and an annotated checklist. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 97(4):783-798. 787
101110  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
107187  Wirtz, P.,2012 Seven new records of fish from NGor Island, Senegal. Arquipelago Life Mar Sci. 29:77-81. 80
115257  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
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118272  FAO-FIES,2022 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from htttps:// [accessed May, 2018]
118580  SCRFA, Science and Conservation of Fish Aggregations,2018 SCRFA database. Web online database. SCRFA. [2013-onwards].
118680  Guabiroba, H.C. and J.-C. Joyeux,2018 Length-weight relationships for reef fishes in a southwestern Atlantic tropical oceanic island. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences 13(1): 84-87. 85
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