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References using Scophthalmus maximus
Ref No. Description Page
000063  ASIH (American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists),1984 Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Based on an international symposium dedicated to the memory of Elbert Halvor Ahlstrom, 15-18 August 1983, La Jolla, California. Spec. Publ. Am. Soc. Ichthyol. Herpetol. 1:ix, 760 p.
000748  Jones, A.,1974 Sexual maturity, fecundity and growth of the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus L. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 54:109-125. 109-125
003586  Houde, E.D. and C.E. Zastrow,1993 Ecosystem- and taxon-specific dynamic and energetics properties of fish larvae assemblages. Bull. Mar. Sci. 53(2):290-335.
004206  Jones, A., R. Alderson and B.R. Howell,1974 Progress towards the development of a successful rearing technique for larvae of the turbot, Scophthalmus maximus L. p. 731-7__. In J.H.S. Blaxter (ed.) The early life history of fish. Springer-Verlag, New York.
004224  Kuhlmann, D., G. Quantz and U. Witt,1981 Rearing of turbot larvae (Scopthalmus maximus L.) on cultured food organisms and postmetamorphosis growth on natural and artificial food. Aquaculture 23:183-196.
004244  van der Meeren, T.,1991 Selective feeding and prediction of food consumption in turbot larvae (Scophthalmus maximus L.) reared on the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis and natural zooplankton. Aquaculture 93:35-55.
004277  Paulsen, H., P. Munk and T. Kiorboe,1985 Extensive rearing of turbot larvae (Scophthalmus maximus L.) on low concentrations of natural plankton. I.C.E.S. C.M. 1985/F:33. 8 p.
004284  Person-Le Ruyet, J., D. L'Elchat and G. Nedelec,1981 Research on rearing turbot (Scophthalmus maximus): results and perspectives. J. World Maricult. Soc. 12:143-152.
004288  Quantz, G.,1985 Effect of temperature and prey density on feeding of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus): larvae under laboratory conditions. ICES C.M. 1985/F:51. 5 p. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen.
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM: Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
012224  Sparholt, H.,1990 An estimate of the total biomass of fish in the North Sea. J. Cons. 46:200-210.
012353  Bouza, C., L. Sanchez and P. Martinez,1994 Karyotypic characterization of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) with conventional , flourochrome and restriction endonuclease-banding techniques. Mar. Biol. 120(4):609-613.
012818  Anonymous,1997 Fish registrations within the museum database of the Vertebrate Section of the Royal Museum for Central Africa. MRAC, Tervuren, Belgium.
026282  Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.),1998 Catalog of fishes. Special Publication, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 3 vols. 2905 p. 1004
027384  Coughlan, J.P., A.K. Imsland, P.T. Galvin, R.D. Fitzgerald, G. Naevdal and T.F. Cross,1998 Microsatellite DNA variation in wild populations and farmed strains of turbot from Ireland and Norway: a preliminary study. J. Fish Biol. 52:916-922. 916-922
028679  Went, A.E.J.,1957 List of Irish fishes. Department of Lands, Fisheries Division, Dublin. 31 p. 21
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033247  Anonymous,1999 Systematic list of Estonian fishes. World Wide Web Electronic Publication, 14 January 2000.
034008  Chanet, B.,1998 L'asymétrie de vertèbres caudales chez les Scophthalmidae (Pleuronectiformes) est-elle une autapomorphie? Cybium 22(4):405-412. 405
035508  Anonymous,2000 The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH).
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
039373  Froese, R.,1990 Moderne Methoden zur Bestimmung von Fischlarven. Faculty of Biology, University of Hamburg. Ph. D. thesis.
039531  Crespo, J., J. Gajate and R. Ponce,2001 Clasificación científica e identificación de nombres vernáculos existentes en la base de datos de seguimiento informático de recursos naturales oceánicos. Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid, Spain. 414 p. 94
039702  Coad, B.W.,1995 Freshwater fishes of Iran. Acta Sci. Nat. Acad. Sci. Brno. 29(1):1-64.
039819  Lanfranco, G.G.,1993 The fish around Malta. Progress Press Co., Ltd., Malta.
040290  McEvoy, L.A. and J. McEvoy,1992 Multiple spawning in several commercial fish species and its consequences for fisheries management, cultivation and experimentation. J. Fish Biol. 41(Suppl.B):125-136. 125
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041815  Devauchelle, N., Y. Letty and M. Quere,1986 Experimental units for incubation and larval rearing with special reference to four marine fish species. Aquaculture 58:297-304. 297-304
042025  Tully, O. and P. Ó Céidigh,1989 The ichthyoneuston of Galway Bay (west of Ireland). II. Food of post-larval and juvenile neustonic and pseudoneustonic fish. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 51:301-310. 304
044242  Huse, I.,1994 Feeding at different illumination levels in larvae of three marine teleost species: cod, Gadus morhua L., plaice, Pleuronectes platessa L., and turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.). Aquacult. Fish. Mgt. 25:687-695.
045163  Granzotto, A.,2003 List of common Italian names. Personal communication (Excel file).
045735  Arnett, R.T.P. and J. Whelan,2001 Comparing the diet of cod (Gadus morhua) and grey seals (Halichoerus grypus): an investigation of secondary ingestion. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 81(2):365-366. 365
048849  Horne, M.T. and A.C. Barnes,1999 Enteric redmouth disease (Yersinia ruckeri). p.455-477. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, Vol. 3: Viral, Bacterial and Fungal Infections. CAB Int'l. 457
050359  Anonymous,1994 Welsh names of animals and plants: I Vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. p.17-26. In W.B.L. Evans (ed.) Cyfres enwan (creaduriaid a phlauhigion: I creaduriaid asgwrn-cefn pysgod, amffibiaid, ymlusgiaid, adar a mamaliaid. Cymdeithas Edward Llwyd. 25
051243  Riede, K.,2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p.
052079  Ojaveer, E. and E. Pihu,2003 Estonian natural fish waters. p. 15-27. In E. Ojaveer, E. Pihu and T. Saat (eds.) Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 19
052084  Biología Marina,2004 Nomina de especies comerciales de Chile. Biología Marina website, August 2004.
052093  Ojaveer, E., E. Pihu and T. Saat,2003 Fishes of Estonia. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tallinn. 416 p. 371
052860  Pérez, J.E., C. Alfonsi, M. Nirchio, C. Muñoz and J.A. Gómez,2003 The introduction of exotic species in aquaculture: a solution or part of the problem?. Interciencia. 28(4):234-238. 237
054271  Bedford, B.C., L.E. Woolner and B.W. Jones,1986 Length-weight relationships for commercial fish species and conversion factors for various presentations. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Directorate of Fisheries Research. Fisheries Research Data Report No. 10. 24
054730  Watt, R.A.,1989 A glossary of Scottish dialect fish and trade names. Scott. Fish. Inf. Pam. No. 17. 11
057879  Chinese Academy of Fishery Science (CAFS),2007 Database of genetic resources of aquatic organisms in China (as of January 2007). Chinese Academy of Fishery Science.
072412  Azevedo, M.F.C., C. Oliveira, B.G. Pardo, P. Martinez and F. Foresti,2007 Cytogenetic characterization of six species of flatfishes with comments to karyotype differentiation patterns in Pleuronectiformes (Teleostei). J. Fish Biol. 70(Suppl.A):1-15. 5
082397  Rogers, S.I., D. Maxwell, A.D. Rijnsdorp, U. Damm and W. Vanheed,1999 Fishing effects in northeast Atlantic shelf seas: patterns in fishing effort, diversity and community structure. IV. Can comparisons of species diversity be used to assess human impacts on demersal fish faunas?. Fish. Res. 40(2):135-152. 141
085869  Bailly, N. and B. Chanet,2010 Scophthalmus Rafinesque, 1810: The valid generic name for the turbot, S. maximus (Linnaeus, 1758) [Pleuronectiformes: Scophthalmidae]. Cybium 34(3):257-261. 257-261
086700  Ak, O., S. Kutlu and I. Aydin,2009 Length-Weight Relationship for 16 Fish Species From the Eastern Black Sea, Türkiye. Turk J Fish Aquat Sci, 9:125-126. 126
094462  Froese, R. and A. Sampang,2013 Potential indicators and reference points for good environmental status of commercially exploited marine fishes and invertebrates in the German EEZ. 84-88
095489  Goren, M.,2014 The fishes of the Mediterranean: a biota under siege. pp. 385-400. In Goffredo, S. and Z. Dubinsky. 2014. The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer Netherlands. 655 pp. 391
095738  Trenkel, V.M., O. Berthelé, P. Lorance, J. Bertrand, A. BrindÁmour, M.-L. Cochard, F. Coppin, J.-P. Leauté, J.-C. Mahé, J. Morin, M.-J. Rochet, M. Salaun, A. Souplet and Y. Vérin,2009 Atlas des grands invertébrés et poissons observés par less campagnes scientifiques. Bilan 2008. Ifremer, Nantes, EMH:09-003. 100 p. 70
095871  Psomadakis, P.N., S. Giustino and M. Vacchi,2012 Mediterranean fish biodiversity: an updated inventory with focus on the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas. Zootaxa 3263:1-46. 45
096303  van der Hammen, T. and J.J. Poos,2012 Data evaluation of data-limited stocks: dab, flounder, witch, lemon sole, brill, turbot and horse mackerel. Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), Wageningen. Report No. C110/12.
100718  Brouza, C., S. Vandamme, M. Hermida, S. Cabaleiro, F. Volckaert and P. Martinez,2014 Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). AquaTrace species leaflet (March 2014). Knowledge review was carried out under the FP7 project AquaTrace / WP2.
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
105574  Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi,2015 Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi.
107945  Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly,2013 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368.
113897  Papaconstantinou, C.,2014 Fauna Graeciae. An updated checklist of the fishes in the Hellenic seas. Monagraphs on Marine Sciences 7 207
114862  ICES,2013 ICES DATRAS Database. Downloaded in April 2013 from
115876  Crec'hriou, R., R. Neveu and P. Lenfant,2013 Length-weight relationship of main commercial fishes from the French Catalan coast. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 29:1191-1192. 1191
116450  Béarez, P., P. Pruvost, É. Feunteun, S. Iglésias, P. Francour, R. Causse, J. De Mazières, S. Tercerie and N. Bailly,2017 Checklist of the marine fishes from metropolitan France. Cybium 41(4):351-371. 369
118592  Froese, R.,2018 Personal communication. (Table sent by the author).
118628  Palomares, M.L.D., R. Froese, B. Derrick, S.-L. Nöel, G. Tsui, J. Woroniak and D. Pauly,2018 A preliminary global assessment of the status of exploited marine fish and invertebrate populations. A report prepared by the Sea Around Us for OCEANA. The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, p. 64.
119063  Norin, T. and T.D. Clark,2016 Measurement and relevance of maximum metabolic rate in fishes. J. Fish Biol. 88(1):122-151. 132
119547  Mahé, K., E. Bellamy, J.-P. Delpech, C. Lazard, M. Salaun, Y. Vérin, F. Coppin and M. Travers-Trolet,2018 Evidence of a relationship between weight and total length of marine fish in the North-eastern Atlantic Ocean: physiological, spatial and temporal variations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 98(3):627-625. 24
120179  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro, K.M. Kleisner and H. Winker,2017 Estimating fisheries reference points from catch and resilience. Fish and Fisheries 18(3):506-526.
121353  Vinagre, C., A. Silva, M. Lara and H.N. Cabral,2011 Diet and niche overlap of southern populations of brill Scophthalmus rhombus and turbot Scophthalmus maximus. Journal of Fish Biology 79(5):1383-1391. 1385-1386
122227  ICES,2019 Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) in Subarea 4 (North Sea). ICES Advice on fishing opportunities, catch, and effort.
122956  Froese, R., F. Flindt, E. Meyer, J. Meyer and O. Egerland,2020 Untersuchung zum Laichverhalten des Dorsches in der Kieler Bucht im Frühjahr 2020. Published online at on 01 October 2020. 9; Tab. 3
124174  Froese, R., N. Demirel, G. Coro and H. Winker,2021 User Guide for CMSY++. GEOMAR, Germany, 17 p.
126585  Ern, R., D.T.T. Huong, N.V. Bayley, M. Cong and T. Wang,2014 Effect of salinity on oxygen consumption in fishes: a review. J. Fish Biol. 84(4):1210-1220. 1215
127710  Gaumet, F., G. Boeuf, A. Severe, A. Leroux and N. Mayergonstan,1995 Effects of salinity on the ionic balance and growth of juvenile turbot. J. Fish Biol. 47:865-876. 865-876
128520  Marčeta, B. and K. Pliberšek (eds),2023 BiosWeb. Biological database of the Fisheries Research Institute of Slovenia. Ljubljana, Fisheries Research Institute of Slovenia, 2014. ( updated 13/04/2023).
128993  Froese, R. and V.A. Parducho,2022 Global stocks spreadsheet as of December 9, 2022. Excel file from V.A. Parducho, pers. comm.
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