Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
Japanese eel
Rí běn mán lí,  日本鳗,  Bái shàn,  Mán lí,  Mán yú,  日本鰻鱺,  日本鳗鲡,  鳗鲡
Anguilla japonica
photo by Shao, K.T.

Family:  Anguillidae (Freshwater eels)
Max. size:  150 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,889.0 g
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 400 m, catadromous
Distribution:  Asia: Japan to the East China Sea, Taiwan, Korea, China and northern Philippines. Spawning grounds of this species are presumed to be in the western Mariana Islands, at a salinity front near 15°N and 140°E (Ref. 54488). Most expensive food fish in Japan. Introduced elsewhere.
Diagnosis:  Vertebrae: 114-118. Plain-colored.
Biology:  Spawning occurs in the sea; small eels ascend the rivers in schools; develop and grow in freshwater. The species may crawl over land at night from one place to another (Ref. 5258, 11230). Adults feed on crustaceans, insects and fish (Ref. 5258). Maximum weight given (1889 g) has a maximum length of 100.8 cm TL in Ref. 82795. Utilized fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN); Date assessed: 06 November 2018 (A2bcd) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Known from Guangdong Province (Changan County, Chaoyang County, Chehai County) and Shantou City of Hanjiang drainage; also from Sanshui County, Fengkai County, Zhaoqing City of Xijiang River drainage (Ref.33340); Zhu Jiang (= Pearl River) delta and Hanjiang river mouth in Guangdong Province (Ref. 33340); southern Fujian (Ref. 47843). Known as "pai-shan" at Tungting Lake (Ref. 35840). A popular cultured fish, introduced from its native range to other regions in the country (intensive culture in ponds and reservoirs) (Ref. 55380). Also Ref. 11110, 35840.

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17