Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson, 1845)
Half-smooth golden pufferfish
Lagocephalus spadiceus
photo by Tran, H.H.

Family:  Tetraodontidae (Puffers), subfamily: Tetraodontinae
Max. size:  37.4 cm TL (male/unsexed); 43.1 cm TL (female)
Environment:  demersal; brackish; marine, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, South Africa, Australia. Introduced (Lessepsian) in eastern Mediterranean, Israel, Lebanon, Iskenderun, Mersin, Aegean Sea.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal soft rays: 10-12
Biology:  Essentially an inhabitant of marine waters, but enters the mouths of rivers (Ref. 4833). Several organs are very toxic, potentially lethal to humans (Ref. 43448).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 08 June 2011 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  A lessepsian migrant; first recorded in the Mediterrannean coast of Israel in 1951 (Ref. 72453). Also Ref. 43448.

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 05.08.93
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 10.03.15
Checked by: Luna, Susan M. - 29.04.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17