Helcogramma springeri Hansen, 1986
Springer's triplefin
Helcogramma springeri
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Tripterygiidae (Triplefin blennies), subfamily: Tripterygiinae
Max. size:  3.4 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 12 m
Distribution:  Western Pacific: Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, Vanuatu, Australia, and the Solomon Islands.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 14-17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-12; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 18-22. Dorsal fin III + XI-XIV (usually XII), 8-12 (usually 11); anal fin I, 18-22 (usually 19); pectoral rays 17, ventral most 6-7 simple and thickened, dorsalmost ray simple, remainder branched; pelvic fin I,2, spines simple and embedded, rays simple and bound together with membrane. Lateral line continuous, pored scales 12-18 (usually 14), terminates under 7th-10th dorsal-fin elements; head, nape and narrow strip on upper back scaleless. Mandibular sensory pores 5-12 + 5-10 + 5-12 (usually 3 + 1- 2 + 3); nasal tentacle small and leaf-like; orbital cirri absent; cephalic sensory pores simple, dorsally and laterally not covered by bone (Ref. 6211, 90102). Overall transluscent grey; body vertical bars, six, reddish brown, may be branched dorsally; pectoral fin spot red; caudal fin margin red. Male masked on ventral half of head; dorsal fins with bands; caudal fin margin black (Ref. 90102). Measurements in %SL: head length 33.9 (32.9-35.7); eye diameter 11.3 (10.4-12.7); second dorsal-fin base 33.6 (30.7-35.7); third dorsal fin base 22.0 (19.3-23.3); anal-fin base 44.5 (42.8-46.7); distance PI-anal fin 21.8 (18.9-24.5); first dorsal-fin spine 14.8 (12.2-17.4); longest second dorsal-fin spine 16.1 (14.4-17.1); longest third dorsal-fin segmented ray 15.0 (13.7-15.8); seventh pectoral-fin ray 29.3 (27.4-32.0); upper jaw length 15.9 (14.7-17.5); longest pelvic fin ray 24.4 (21.1-27.0) (Ref. 6211).
Biology:  Adults live on rock surfaces and under ledges, commonly at depths less than 10 m (Ref. 13227). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 February 2009 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Museum: Palawan Prov.: Palawan I., Pagnagtaran Pt., Puerto Princesa, Sulu Sea, USNM 228932; Cuyo I., USNM 263389, 285799; Putic I., USNM 297026. Iloilo Prov., Panay I., Lawigan, Tiolas, San Joaquin, USNM 343881. Luzon, Pangasinan, Bolinao Lagoon, USNM 227805 (Ref. 27223). Also in Ref. 90102.

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 27.10.93
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 24.03.14
Checked by: Williams, Jeffrey T. - 05.10.95

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