Cyprinus micristius Regan, 1906
小鲤,  Dianchi carp,  小鯉
Cyprinus micristius
photo by CAFS

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Cyprininae
Max. size:  20 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Asia: Dian chi Lake, Yunnan, China.
Diagnosis:  Body red in upper half part of eyes; dark gray on back, light yellow on lower sides and abdomen; dorsal and caudal fins grayish green and margins of other fins yellow. Body carp-shaped, compressed and back slightly convex; barbels 2 pairs.
Biology: 
IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR); Date assessed: 01 January 2008 (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv)) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Formerly known from the Dianchi Lake, Fuxian Lake and Xingyun Lake of Yunnan. Apparently extinct in the Dianchi and Xingyun lakes and a small population is existing in the Fuxian Lake. Two subspecies were differentiated, C. m. micristius (shorter and deeper body and caudal peduncle; large head and eye and more branched dorsal fin rays) which is endemic in Dianchi Lake (shallow with dense aquatic vegetation) and C. m. fuxianensis in Fuxian and Xingyan lakes (deep with rare aquatic vegetation) (Ref. 38451). Regulations on the management of Dianchi Lake has been promulgated. The lake is closed to fishing for 5 months each year, 7 areas of the lake closed to fishing all year round have also been designated (Ref. 45563). Status of threat: Endangered (Ref. 45563).

Entered by: Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. - 29.04.94
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 29.08.13

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