Achirus achirus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Drab sole
Aluma├»a,  Sol
Achirus achirus
photo by Krumme, U.

Family:  Achiridae (American soles)
Max. size:  37 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,000.0 g
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 20 m, amphidromous
Distribution:  Western Central Atlantic: from the Gulf of Paria to the mouth of the Amazon river.
Diagnosis:   
Biology:  Adults occur in the littoral zone, down to 20 m depth, and on all sandy-muddy bottoms of estuaries, rivers and coastal streams where it penetrates far enough sometimes. They hide completely in the sediment, leaving out its eyes, in order to look out for predators and prey. Feed on small crustaceans and fish. Reproduction is like to occur between July and September (Ref. 35237). Maximum length reported to reach 37 cm TL (Ref. 5217).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 24 August 2012 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Inhabits estuary of the Sinnamary River. Highly appreciated by the Guianese and is often captured in the "Chinese barricades" (Ref. 35237). Also Ref. 5217. Occurrence in this country not supported by R.T.C. Ramos. However, specimen collected in this country (MNHN 2000-1645), has been recognized as A. achirus by M. Dessouter (pers. comm., 2003).

Entered by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 05.03.93
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 04.07.13
Checked by: Ramos, Robson T.C. - 15.10.01

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