Zingel zingel (Linnaeus, 1766)
photo by Otel, V.

Family:  Percidae (Perches), subfamily: Luciopercinae
Max. size:  48 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater
Distribution:  Europe: Danube and Dniestr drainages.
Diagnosis:  Distinguished from its congeners by having three unique characters: first dorsal fin with 12-15 spines; second dorsal fin with 2 simple and 16-19½ branched rays; and lateral line with 82-95 4-6 scales. Additional character, but not unique, useful in the identification is the absence of scales on cheeks (Ref. 59043).
Biology:  Adults are found in main course of large rivers, in fast-flowing waters. Active at night, feeding on aquatic invertebrates and small fishes. Spawning occurs on sand bottom in March-April. A female spawn with several males in a dense spawning groups. Eggs are very sticky and attached to gravel (Ref. 59043).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 05 March 2010 Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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