Synodus binotatus Schultz, 1953
Two-spot lizard fish
photo by Patzner, R.

Family:  Synodontidae (Lizardfishes), subfamily: Synodontinae
Max. size:  18 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 88 m
Distribution:  Indo-Pacific: Gulf of Aden and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Gambier islands, north to the Ogasawara Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-10. Cheek behind mouth scaled; palatine teeth in a single band on each side (characteristic of the genus); membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and broad; dorsal tip of snout with a pair of small but prominent black spots (Ref. 2334). Description: Characterized by whitish to pale brown color; with 6-7 irregular dark red to dark brown bars on body, lower side with series of large dark spots alternating with smaller spots; long and spatulate flap on anterior nostril; pectoral fins reaching beyond line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Occurs in coral reefs (Ref. 11228). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Generally solitary and typically rests on hard surfaces, occasionally with a head down position on a steep slope (Ref. 1602). Feeds on small fishes and shrimps (Ref. 89972). Sold fresh in markets.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 March 2015 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Winterbottom, Richard - 08.02.93
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 09.04.15
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 20.01.97

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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