Selene setapinnis (Mitchill, 1815)
Atlantic moonfish
Selene setapinnis
photo by Flescher, D.

Family:  Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos), subfamily: Caranginae
Max. size:  60 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 4,600.0 g
Environment:  benthopelagic; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 55 m
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada through most of the West Indies; along coasts of Gulf of Mexico and South America (Ref. 26938) to Mar del Plata, Argentina. Absent from the Bahamas (Ref. 26938). Replaced by Selene dorsalis in the eastern Atlantic. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific. Known to occur in Mauritania (Ref. 5377).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 9-9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 21-21; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 17-17. Pelvic fin small (Ref. 13608). A very deep-bodied, short and strongly compressed fish. Facial profile nearly vertical and concave. Pelvic fin very short (Ref. 26938).
Biology:  Adults usually found near the bottom from inshore waters to at least 54 m depth, but may form schools near the surface (Ref. 5217). Juveniles are found on muddy bottoms brackish estuaries and in coastal marine waters (Ref. 5217). Adults feed on small fishes and crustaceans. Good food fish and marketed fresh.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 21 August 2012 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  reports of ciguatera poisoning
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 12.07.13
Checked by: Torres, Armi G. - 18.08.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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