Scoloplax baskini Rocha, de Oliveira & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2008

Family:  Scoloplacidae (Spiny dwarf catfishes)
Max. size:  1.61 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  South America: Brazil. Rio Aripuanã, a right-bank tributary of the middle rio Madeira (Ref. 79026).
Diagnosis:  Vertebrae: 25-27. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following unique characters: ventral midline plates between the anus and caudal peduncle has 2 longitudinal parallel rows of odontodes not covered by skin; all rays of pectoral and pelvic fins simple, unbranched; large specimens with odontodes in abdominal area between pelvic-fin bases and immediately anterior to genital papilla; mesethmoid has a thickened triangular anterior process; and larger specimens with small odontodes on first and second pelvic-fin rays (Ref. 79026).
Biology:  This species was found among leaf litter in small clearwater tributaries of the middle part of rio Aripuanã (Ref. 79026).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 07 November 2018 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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