Sciades proops (Valenciennes, 1840)
Crucifix sea catfish
photo by Barbosa, J.M./M. Deda

Family:  Ariidae (Sea catfishes), subfamily: Ariinae
Max. size:  100 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 9,000.0 g; max. reported age: 4 years
Environment:  demersal; freshwater; brackish; marine
Distribution:  Western Atlantic: Caribbean and Atlantic draining rivers and estuaries from Colombia to Brazil.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 1-1. The head is more or less flattened, the nostril nearly rounded, mouth inferior. There are three pairs of barbels, 1 pair of maxillary barbel and 2 pairs of mandibular barbels.
Biology:  Inhabits mainly brackish estuaries and lagoons. Occurs also in freshwaters (Ref. 58022). Found on shallow muddy bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on fish and shrimps. Two annual cycles of slower growth occur during the dry seasons (March and August to November). Life span is three to four years. Sexually mature at 1.5 to 2 years of age. Reproduction takes place from November to April. Consumed as food (Ref. 35381). Marketed fresh. The skull is sold throughout the world as crucifix.
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  traumatogenic
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 29.11.13
Checked by: Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. - 17.09.01

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17