Sargochromis mellandi (Boulenger, 1905)
photo by Mertens, P.

Family:  Cichlidae (Cichlids), subfamily: Pseudocrenilabrinae
Max. size:  20 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater,
Distribution:  Africa: upper Lualaba (Ref. 2970), Lake Mweru and Luapula River (Ref. 45616) up to Lake Bangweulu and the Chambezi River (Ref. 82485), in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia.
Diagnosis:  Description: less deep-bodied than most congeners; snout more pointed; frontal profile straight; caudal fin slightly rounded (Ref. 52307). Coloration: body brownish; depending on behavioral situation, 9 diffuse dusky vertical bars may be visible on body; many dark maculae in dorsal and caudal fins; dorsal fin margin yellow; anal fin with some whitish and reddish dots and dark maculae; pelvic fins more dusky (Ref. 52307).
Biology:  Feeds primarily upon snails, but also takes other invertebrates and small fish; ovophilic, agamous, maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307). Used for snail and bilharzia control (Ref. 4537).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 01 May 2009 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

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