||Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Dorosomatinae
||14 cm SL (male/unsexed)
reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m,
||Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East African coasts, Madagascar eastward to Indonesia and the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), north to Taiwan and south to Papua New Guinea (Ref. 188).
Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 19-23. Diagnosis: Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep, its depth 25-40% of standard length; total number of scutes 29-33; lower gillrakers 41-68, at 4 to 15 cm standard length, increasing a little with size of fish; vertical striae on scales not meeting at centre, hind part of scale with a few perforations and somewhat produced posteriorly; a dark spot at dorsal fin origin (Ref. 188). It closely resembles Sardinella fimbriata and S. dayi, which have more lower gill rakers, 54-82 in S. fimbriata and 88-126 in S. dayi; and can be confused with S. gibbosa and S. sindensis, which have more scutes, 31-34; other similar species have more scutes or more gillrakers or overlapping scale striae or no spot at dorsal fin origin or caudal tips black, or a combination of some of these features (Ref. 122366).
Description: Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep, its depth 25-40% of standard length; belly with sharp keel of scutes (Ref. 188, 3259). Lower gillrakers 41-68 (Ref. 188, 3259). More than 8 fronto-parietal striae (Ref. 2871, 9391). Dorsal fin with 4 unbranched and 14-16 branched rays; anal fin with 3 unbranched and 16-20 branched rays; pectoral fin with 1 unbranched and 13-16 branched rays; pelvic fin with 1 unbranched and 7 branched rays (Ref. 3259). Lateral line scales 40-45; predorsal scales paired and overlapping (Ref. 2871, 3259). Total number of scutes 29-33; with 17-19 pre-pelvic scutes and 11-15 post-pelvic scutes (Ref. 188, 3259).
Colouration: Back blue-green; flanks silver; hind margin of caudal fin dusky (Ref. 3259). A small dark spot at dorsal fin origin (Ref. 188, 2871, 9391).
||Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573). Forms schools. Feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton (Ref. 30573). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls.
|IUCN Red List Status:
Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 28 February 2017 Ref. (123251)
|Threat to humans:
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