Sardinella albella (Valenciennes, 1847)
White sardinella
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Dorosomatinae
Max. size:  14 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m,
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East African coasts, Madagascar eastward to Indonesia and the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), north to Taiwan and south to Papua New Guinea (Ref. 188).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 19-23. Diagnosis: Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep, its depth 25-40% of standard length; total number of scutes 29-33; lower gillrakers 41-68, at 4 to 15 cm standard length, increasing a little with size of fish; vertical striae on scales not meeting at centre, hind part of scale with a few perforations and somewhat produced posteriorly; a dark spot at dorsal fin origin (Ref. 188). It closely resembles Sardinella fimbriata and S. dayi, which have more lower gill rakers, 54-82 in S. fimbriata and 88-126 in S. dayi; and can be confused with S. gibbosa and S. sindensis, which have more scutes, 31-34; other similar species have more scutes or more gillrakers or overlapping scale striae or no spot at dorsal fin origin or caudal tips black, or a combination of some of these features (Ref. 122366). Description: Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep, its depth 25-40% of standard length; belly with sharp keel of scutes (Ref. 188, 3259). Lower gillrakers 41-68 (Ref. 188, 3259). More than 8 fronto-parietal striae (Ref. 2871, 9391). Dorsal fin with 4 unbranched and 14-16 branched rays; anal fin with 3 unbranched and 16-20 branched rays; pectoral fin with 1 unbranched and 13-16 branched rays; pelvic fin with 1 unbranched and 7 branched rays (Ref. 3259). Lateral line scales 40-45; predorsal scales paired and overlapping (Ref. 2871, 3259). Total number of scutes 29-33; with 17-19 pre-pelvic scutes and 11-15 post-pelvic scutes (Ref. 188, 3259). Colouration: Back blue-green; flanks silver; hind margin of caudal fin dusky (Ref. 3259). A small dark spot at dorsal fin origin (Ref. 188, 2871, 9391).
Biology:  Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573). Forms schools. Feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton (Ref. 30573). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 28 February 2017 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Boden, Gert - 03.08.20
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.07.94

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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