Parupeneus insularis Randall & Myers, 2002
Twosaddle goatfish
Parupeneus insularis
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Max. size:  30.3 cm FL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 1,359.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 80 m
Distribution:  Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii, French Polynesia, and Pitcairn Islands to the Marshall, Mariana, Phoenix, and Samoa islands. This species is included in the Parupeneus trifasciatus complex where, Parupeneus trifasciatus is restricted to the Indian Ocean and Parupeneus crassilabris is from eastern Indian Ocean and the western Pacific, east to Fiji, Tonga, and the Caroline Islands.
Biology:  Occurs on coral reefs and adjacent habitats, generally in less than 30 m (Ref. 45589), but has been recorded to 83 meters (Ref. 54393). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Stomach contents of 12 specimens consist of 44% by volume of crabs; followed by shrimps, octopuses, mantis shrimps, amphipods and other crustaceans, fishes, and polychaetes (Ref. 45589).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 11 March 2015 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

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