Melamphaes falsidicus Kotlyar, 2011

Family:  Melamphaidae (Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Max. size:  8.7 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  bathypelagic; marine
Distribution:  Northern Atlantic (temperate and northern part of the subtropical zone): northeastern slope of Grand Bank and Reykjanes Ridge, Humpback Bank (Ref. 87970).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 3-3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 1-1; Anal soft rays: 7-8; Vertebrae: 29-29. The species is characterized by the following: rakers on the first gill arch 21-23; abdominal vertebrae 11, total vertebrae 29, haemal arch of the first caudal vertebra with 2 ventrolateral oriented spurs; D III 15-16; P 14-155; seven soft rays in the ventral fin; ventral fin starts under the vertical line of the posterior margin of the pectoral fin basement or from this vertical line); anal fin starts under the last ray of the dorsal fin (Ref. 87970).
Biology:  Specimens of this species were sampled by open-mouth nets at 2500-0 m depth range and by bottom trawls at 700-790 m (Ref. 87970).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 09 October 2018 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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