Leptachirus darwinensis Randall, 2007
Darwin Sole
photo by Randall, J.E.

Family:  Soleidae (Soles)
Max. size:  7 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Oceania: Northern Territory, Australia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 71-73; Anal soft rays: 53-56; Vertebrae: 40-41. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 71-73; A 53-56; pelvic rays 4; lateral-line scales 90-96; lateral line on ocular side of head with a ventral branch of 4-9 pores, remaining horizontal anterior part with 5-7 pores; vertebrae 40-41; dorsal pterygiophores anterior to fourth neural spine 8-9; body depth 3.1-3.2 in SL; no caudal peduncle; head length 4.3-4.6 in SL; small eyes, diameter 6.8-7.7 in HL; interorbital width 9.3-10.8 in HL; longest dorsal ray 1.85-1.95 in HL; caudal fin 4.1-4.35 in SL; pelvic fins and genital papilla not joined, their origins adjacent; short pelvic fins, reaching little beyond base of first anal ray, 2.75-3.05 in HL; ocular side light brown mottled with small darker brown blotches; 3 longitudinal rows of dark brown blotches of one to two eye diameters in size; dorsal and anal fins with indistinct brown spots centered on single rays and membrane to each side; caudal fin pale yellowish with of dark brown spots at base and transverse rows of progressively smaller and fainter spots in distal two-thirds of fin (Ref. 84817).
Biology: 
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 14 February 2019 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 09.08.10

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