Hyperlophus translucidus McCulloch, 1917
Glassy sprat
photo by FAO

Family:  Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens), subfamily: Clupeinae
Max. size:  6 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; brackish; marine
Distribution:  Southwest Pacific: endemic to eastern Australia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 19-22; Vertebrae: 40-42. Body fairly elongate, belly keeled, with 17 + 9 scutes; about 19 dorsal scutes with low keels from head to dorsal fin origin. Second supra-maxilla paddle-shaped, lower portion larger. Branchiostegal rays 4. Anal fin origin under or slightly behind base of last dorsal fin ray (well behind in H. vittatus). Scales deciduous; body translucent, with silver band along flank.
Biology:  Occurs in shallow sandy parts of bays and estuaries, perhaps tolerating lowered salinities.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 02 March 2017 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 17.10.90
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 06.06.17
Checked by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 23.07.94

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