Himantura undulata (Bleeker, 1852)
Leopard whipray
Himantura undulata
photo by Devarapalli, P.

Family:  Dasyatidae (Stingrays), subfamily: Urogymninae
Max. size:  410 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Bay of Bengal to New Guinea, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Not occurring in the western Indian Ocean.
Biology:  Demersal on soft substrate inshore (Ref.58048). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Size at birth about 20 cm WD and 92 cm TL (Ref. 90102). Caught occasionally in the demersal tangle net, bottom trawl and longline fisheries. Utilized for its meat, skin (high value) and cartilage (Ref.58048).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 12 December 2011 (A2cd+3cd+4cd) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 20.12.94
Modified by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 07.10.19
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 24.10.95

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