Garra rufa (Heckel, 1843)
Red garra
photo by Darom, D.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Labeoninae
Max. size:  14.1 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater, non-migratory
Distribution:  Eurasia: In the Jordan, Orontes, and Tigris-Euphrates river basins. Also in some coastal rivers in southern Turkey and northern Syria.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 4-4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-8
Biology:  Found in different habitats such as rivers, lakes, small ponds, and small muddy streams. Hides under and among stones and vegetation. Bottom dweller, feeding on aufwuchs. Said to also occur in hot ponds where they feed on the skin scales of bathers, reducing illnesses such as neurodermitis.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 March 2013 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.