Garra bispinosa Zhang, 2005

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Labeoninae
Max. size:  12.78 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Asia: Irrawaddy River basin in Yunnan, China.
Diagnosis:  Differs from all other congeners in Southeast Asia and China by having a conspicuous, quadrate and forwards pointed proboscis reflected downwards against the snout and anteriorly bilobed with one large, unicuspid and acanthoid tubercle on the distal end of each lobe, and a combination of the following characters: snout with a deep groove across its tip to form a transverse lobe; 34-35 lateral line scales; 16 circumpeduncular scales; a small mental disc (length 38.1-43.8% HL); an anterior position of anus (anus to anal distance 25.9-30.6% of pelvic to anal distance); a slightly pointed snout (Ref. 56230). Description: dorsal fin with 4 simple and 7-8 branched rays; anal fin with 3 simple and 5 branched rays; pectoral fin with 1 simple and 13-14 branched rays; pelvic fin with 1 simple and 7-8 branched rays (Ref. 56230).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 16 February 2010 (B1ab(iii); D2) Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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