Eptatretus astrolabium Fernholm & Mincarone, 2010
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Family:  Myxinidae (Hagfishes), subfamily: Eptatretinae
Max. size:  40 cm TL (female)
Environment:  benthopelagic; marine; depth range - 500 m
Distribution:  Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea.
Diagnosis:  This species differs from all its congeners except five Pacific species (Eptatretus carlhubbsi, Eptatretus cirrhatus, Eptatretus goliath, Eptatretus laurahubbsae, Eptatretus strahani) and two Atlantic Ocean species (Eptatretus caribbeaus, Eptatretus menezesi) by having 7 pairs of gill pouches and three-cusp multicusps on the anterior and posterior rows of cusps. It further differs from these congeners by having the following characters: 10 posterior unicusps (vs. 11-13 in E. carlhubbsi, 7-9 in E. cirrhatus, 11-16 in E. laurahubbsae); 52 total cusps (vs. 54-58 in E. caribbeaus, 61-71 in E. carlhubbsi, 61-68 in E. laurahubbsae); 18-19 prebranchial pores (vs. 13-15 in E. caribbeaus, 12-17 in E. carlhubbsi, 14-15 in E. goliath, 14-17 in E. laurahubbsae, 13-17 in E. menezesi, 13-16 in E. strahani); 5 branchial pores (vs. 6-7 or 6-8 for remaining seven-gilled species); 48-49 trunk pores (vs. 60-70 in E. carlhubbsi, 57-58 in E. goliath, 60-67 in E. laurahubbsae); 83-84 total pores (vs. 93-110 in E. carlhubbsi, 92 in E. goliath, 97-105 in E. laurahubbsae, 86-94 in E. menezesi). In addition, these congeners, except E. caribbeaus, have two bilaterally symmetrical nasal-sinus papillae in the dorsal surface of the nasal sinus, while it is absent in E. astrolabium (Ref. 85154).
Biology:  The observation re the 'silty mud bottom’ were the specimen was taken, was inferred from sediment in traps retrieved. The female holotype with several small, rounded eggs, ca. 2 mm diameter; all eggs in the mesentery, which is attached to the body wall (Ref. 85154). Iteroparous (Ref. 94918).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 20 December 2010 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 21.09.10
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 10.02.14

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