Enteromius kerstenii (Peters, 1868)
Redspot barb
photo by Mohamed, A.D.

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Smiliogastrinae
Max. size:  9 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 18,
Distribution:  Africa: Cunene, Okavango, upper Zambezi, tributaries of the lower Zambezi, Save-Runde (Ref. 7248), Pungwe, Buzi (Ref. 94654) and Kafue (Ref. 12524) systems. Also Lake Victoria, Tanganyika, Edward and Kivu basins (Ref. 104790), Lake Malawi system (Ref. 37112), the upper Congo system (Ref. 2970, 27609, 95585) and coastal river basins in Kenya (Ref. 52331) and Tanzania (Ref. 41366).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal soft rays: 5-5. Last unbranched ray of the dorsal fin hardened and with posterior side toothed (Ref. 27628). Presence of a brilliant orange spot on the operculum is characteristic for this species (Ref. 27628).
Biology:  Quick, active fish found in shoals (Ref. 36900). Occurs in lakes and rivers (Ref. 104790). Found in fast flowing (Ref. 4903, 13721), sluggish (Ref. 4903) and temporary (Ref. 4903) streams. Occurs in mountain streams and along vegetated fringes of large rivers (Ref. 7248) and in rocky bottom environments (Ref. 13337). Feeds on insects (Ref. 12523, 36900), debris, molluscs, plant material (Ref. 12523), seeds and algae (Ref. 97924). Migrates upstream when rain comes (Ref. 36900). Breeds in flood plains during rains (Ref. 97924).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 23 May 2018 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 23.06.94
Modified by: Geelhand, Dimitri - 15.10.15
Checked by: Sa-a, Pascualita - 29.07.94

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