Enteromius cercops (Whitehead, 1960)
Luambwa barb
photo by KMFRI

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Smiliogastrinae
Max. size:  7 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater,
Distribution:  Africa: affluent rivers of Lake Victoria in Kenya (Ref. 27628, 52331, 104796), the Malawa River in Uganda (Ref. 4903, 27628) and the Middle Akagera system in Rwanda (Ref. 27628, 46152).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9; Anal soft rays: 6-7. Diagnosis: Last unbranched ray of dorsal fin more or less flexible and without posterior denticulation; anterior barbel ending after half the eye, while posterior barbel ends after posterior side of the eye (Ref. 27628). Description: Lateral line scales 28-32 (Ref. 27628, 122753). Colouration: Brown-silver or silver coloured; fins not coloured or light creamy; 3 little black spots on the flanks, the first between operculum and dorsal-fin origin, the second under dorsal fin and the third just before caudal fin (Ref. 27628).
Biology:  Feeds on insects, but algae and debris are also taken (Ref. 12523). May be anadromous but with permanent populations in upper reaches of large rivers (Ref. 104796).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 14 October 2015 Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

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