Enteromius brevipinnis (Jubb, 1966)
Shortfin barb

Family:  Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps), subfamily: Smiliogastrinae
Max. size:  4.5 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  benthopelagic; freshwater
Distribution:  Africa: Sabie-Sand river system in Mpumalanga and tributaries of the Phongolo River in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (Ref. 52193).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Description: Body compact, head short, mouth with 2 pairs of long barbels (Ref. 52193). Dorsal fin with 3 unbranched and 7-8 branched rays; anal fin with 3 unbranched and 5 branched rays (Ref. 52193). Scales in lateral line 27-30, 10-12 around caudal peduncle (Ref. 52193).

Colouration: Translucent brown with silvery white below, scales with dark pigment along borders creating a mesh-like pattern, a series of irregular dashes or single stripe along midbody (Ref. 52193). Breeding males turn bright golden (Ref. 52193).

Biology:  Found in headwater streams with vegetation (Ref. 52193). It feeds on small invertebrates (Ref. 52193). Breeds in spring and summer (Ref. 7248, 52193).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 01 December 2016 (B1b(iii)+2b(iii)) Ref. (130435)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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