Engyprosopon xystrias Hubbs, 1915
photo by FAO

Family:  Bothidae (Lefteye flounders)
Max. size:  16 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range 30 - 240 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Saya de Malha Bank, Coral Sea, South China Sea, and southern Japan.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 88-91; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 60-64. A pair of jet-black blotches present on the caudal fin. Differs from E. grandisquama and E. multisquama by having an extremely large number of gill rakers. Some dark bands running in front of interorbital region and both eyes.
Biology:  Inhabits muddy substrates in shallow estuaries and still bays to about 30 meters depth. Active at night and usually burries itself in the sand during the day (Ref. 48637). Feeds on small benthic animals. Rarely caught by bottom trawls.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 04 March 2015 Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 07.11.95
Modified by: Luna, Susan M. - 26.03.15

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