Echiodon drummondii Thompson, 1837
Echiodon drummondii
photo by Parmentier, E.

Family:  Carapidae (Pearlfishes), subfamily: Carapinae
Max. size:  30 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  bathydemersal; marine; depth range 52 - 403 m
Distribution:  Northeast Atlantic: coasts of southern Norway, western Denmark, and around British Isles. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Misidentified as a Carapus in literature.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 42-45; Anal soft rays: 47-49. Eel-like, shallow body depth; 1 to several symphyseal fangs on dentary and premaxilla; lacking cardiform teeth, pelvic fins, and swim bladder rocker bone; a patch of ridges posteriorly on the ventral surface of the swim bladder (Ref. 34024). Pigmented eye diameter greater than 16% head length (Ref. 34024). Pre-dorsal bone present; maxilla extends well behind orbit; precaudal vertebrae 25-29 (Ref. 232). Reddish with silvery abdomen, operculum and iris; dark markings on head and median edges (Ref. 232).
Biology:  Common species. Free-living, fairly deep. Assumed to feed on small invertebrates and fish (Ref. 34024). Feed on small bottom animals (Ref. 35388).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 11 October 2018 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless


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