Coilia borneensis Bleeker, 1852
Bornean grenadier anchovy
photo by FAO

Family:  Engraulidae (Anchovies), subfamily: Coiliinae
Max. size:  12.4 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  pelagic-neritic; freshwater; brackish; marine
Distribution:  Western Central Pacific: Indonesia (Kalimantan at Pamangkat on the western coast and Banjermasin on the Barito River to the South). Indian records of Coilia borneensis probably refer to Coilia reynaldi, a very similar species. Probably also Thailand (Ref. 1632).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 4 or 5 + 7 or 8 = 11 to 13 keeled scutes from just behind pectoral fin base to anus. Maxilla short, not reaching to edge of gill cover. Pectoral fin with 13 or 14 long filaments and 5 to 7 branched fin rays, much shorter than those of pelvic fin. Anal fin long, the last fin ray joined to the caudal fin, which is small and pointed.
Biology:  Evidently a riverine species, or at least estuarine, but perhaps also in the sea. More data needed. Uncertainty over identifications makes previous literature unreliable.
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 23 February 2018 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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