Centroscymnus plunketi (Waite, 1910)
Plunket shark
photo by FAO

Family:  Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Max. size:  131 cm TL (male/unsexed); 170 cm TL (female)
Environment:  bathydemersal; marine; depth range 219 - 1550 m
Distribution:  Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southeastern Australia.
Diagnosis:  Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. Dark grey-brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very short snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large dermal denticles with triple cusps and ridges in adults and subadults (Ref. 247).
Biology:  Found on continental and insular slopes (Ref. 247). Occurs in large schools near the bottom which are segregated according to size and sex (Ref. 247). Feeds on cephalopods and bony fishes (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205), with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm (Ref. 247). Used for fishmeal and liver oil (Ref. 6871). Minimum depth from Ref. 247.
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 04 July 2017 (A2bd) Ref. (123251)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Carpenter, Kent E. - 15.06.92
Modified by: Bailly, Nicolas - 27.04.11
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 26.05.98

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