Caulophryne pelagica (Brauer, 1902)
Caulophryne pelagica
photo by Ho, H.-C.

Family:  Caulophrynidae (Fanfins)
Max. size:  15 cm SL (female)
Environment:  bathypelagic; marine; depth range 954 - 2500 m
Distribution:  Circumglobal.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17; Anal soft rays: 12-16. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: stem of illicium is naked, without translucent filaments along length; length of illicium 18-125.8%SL; esca consisting of 5-7 elongate filamentous appendages; 2-4 appendages more proximal in position, bearing none to several side branches, 3-4 more distal appendages bearing numerous side branches; opaque areas absent; teeth in upper jaw 28-40; lower jaw teeth 20-34; teeth of vomer 2-5; dorsal fin rays 14-17; anal fin rays 12-16; pectoral fin rays 14-18 (Ref. 86949).
IUCN Red List Status: Data deficient (DD); Date assessed: 17 July 2014 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless

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