Balitora chipkali Kumkar, Katwate, Raghavan & Dahanukar, 2016
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Family:  Balitoridae (River loaches)
Max. size:  5.06 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; freshwater
Distribution:  Asia: Kali River system in Karnataka, India.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-11; Anal soft rays: 8-8; Vertebrae: 34. Balitora chipkali is distinguished from all other species of Balitora by the following combination of characters: a single maxillary barbel on each corner of the gape; upper lip with 9-12 papillae in first series and 3-8 papillae in second series, lower lip with 6 papillae; eye diameter greater than 15% HL; gape of mouth less than 30% HL; snout length 49.6-57.6% HL with snout length less than 4 times eye diameter; body depth less than 15% SL; caudal peduncle depth 6.9-7.8% SL; caudal peduncle length-to-depth ratio less than 3.0, 66-68 lateral line scales; 11 caudal vertebrae excluding compound centrum; third infraorbital sensory-canal tube straight; pharyngobranchial 2 greatly reduced; posterior ceratohyal more than 80% of the length of the anterior ceratohyal and almost round; and 7 dorsal saddles, not reaching lateral irregular crossbar markings (Ref. 109578).
Biology:  The type locality is a shallow stream with substrates composed of boulders, rocks, pebbles, gravel, and mud. Occurs together with the following fish species: Cyprinidae (Haludaria sp., Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day), Osteochilichthys cf. nashii (Day), Pethia sp., Puntius cf. sahyadriensis Silas, Devario malabaricus (Jerdon)); Aplocheilidae (Aplocheilus cf. lineatus (Valenciennes)); Mastacembelidae (Mastacembelus armatus (Lacep├Ęde)); and Sisoridae (Glyptothorax sp.) (Ref. 109578).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 24.01.18

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