Aetomylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
Bull ray
photo by Wirtz, P.

Family:  Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays)
Max. size:  222 cm WD (female); max.weight: 116 kg
Environment:  benthopelagic; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 150 m
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Morocco to Angola, including the Mediterranean, Madeira and the Canary Islands; then from Saldanha Bay to Natal (South Africa) and southern Mozambique (Ref. 5578).
Diagnosis:  Long, flat, rounded snout like a duck's bill; head thick and pectoral disc with sharply curved, angular corners; upper or lower jaw; usually with 7 rows of flat teeth (Ref. 5578). Light brown with several pale blue-grey stripes (may be absent) dorsally, white ventrally (Ref. 5578).
Biology:  Found in coastal tropical and warm temperate waters, occasionally offshore. Sometimes found in small groups (Ref. 5578). Feed on bottom-living crustaceans and mollusks. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), aplacental (Ref. 57025). Prized angling fish, often released (Ref. 5578). Flesh highly esteemed (Ref. 3965).
IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR); Date assessed: 04 August 2020 (A2d) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Luna, Susan M. - 11.02.92
Modified by: Binohlan, Crispina B. - 23.11.15
Checked by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 21.08.98

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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