Ecology of Parupeneus cyclostomus
 
Main Ref. Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose, 1984
Remarks Occur inshore (Ref. 75154). Juveniles solitary. Feed mainly on fish (Ref. 2763).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Parupeneus cyclostomus may be found.

Habitat

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Letourneur, Y., P. Chabanet, P. Durville, M. Taquet, E. Teissier, M. Parmentier, J.-C. Quéro and K. Pothin, 2004
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose, 1984
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Sano, M., M. Shimizu and Y. Nose, 1984

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.20 0.62 3.99 0.58 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
From individual food items 4.08 0.71 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1985
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Torres, Armi G. on 11.24.92
Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen on 12.05.08
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