Ecology of Engraulicypris sardella
Main Ref. Walczak, P.S., 1982
Remarks Feeding activity of adult E. sardella starts at sunrise. Within 1-2 hrs., maximum degree of fullness is reached. For data on stomach fullness, refer to LARVAE of E. sardella of length >10.5 mm from Ref. 4366. Larvae are also day-time feeders. This truly pelagic species supports a large commercial fishes in Malawi(Ref. 4967).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Engraulicypris sardella may be found.


Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Walczak, P.S., 1982
Feeding habit selective plankton feeding
Feeding habit Ref. Walczak, P.S., 1982
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.03 0.08
From individual food items 2.93 0.22 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Walczak, P.S., 1982
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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