Ecology of Otolithes ruber
Main Ref. Blaber, S.J.M., 1980
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Otolithes ruber may be found.
Remarks Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Juveniles and/or adults are found in subtidal edge of mud flats and near inshore waters (Ref. 121464).


Substrate Benthic; Soft Bottom: sand; mud; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref. Druzhinin, A.D. and N.A. Filatova, 1979
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Nguyen, N.T. and V.Q. Nguyen, 2006


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Blaber, S.J.M., 1980
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Blaber, S.J.M., 1980
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.60 0.58 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Nasir, N.A., 2000
From individual food items 3.60 0.59 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 01.13.93
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 01.17.20
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