Ecology of Zoarces viviparus
 
Main Ref. Muyunda, M.M., 1992
Remarks

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Zoarces viviparus may be found.

Habitat

Substrate : rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Muyunda, M.M., 1992
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Muyunda, M.M., 1992

Trophic Level(s)

Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
From individual food items 3.47 0.49 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Kuosmanen-Postila, Sari on 01.21.94
Modified by Palomares, Maria Lourdes D. on 11.28.96
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