Ecology of Caranx lugubris
 
Main Ref. Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Caranx lugubris may be found.
Remarks An oceanic and insular species, very much restricted to clear oceanic waters (Ref. 9283). Occurs in inshore waters of the continental shelf (Ref. 7300). Not commonly found in shallow banks (Ref. 9283). Sometimes seen near drop-off at outer edge of reefs (Ref. 26938). Key habitat is off reef slopes in waters deeper than 30 m (Ref. 122680). Forms large schools during feeding (Ref. 9283). Feeds on fishes at night (Ref. 5213). Piscivore (Ref. 57615)

Substrate

Substrate Hard Bottom;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Coral Reefs: reef slope/drop-offs;
Special habitats Ref. Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2006

Associations

Ref.
Associations schooling;
Associated with Cleaned by hogfish, Bodianus rufus, as observed on the coral reefs in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles (Ref. 36810).
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Honebrink, R., 1990
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Honebrink, R., 1990
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 4.50 0.80 4.32 0.70 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
From individual food items 4.00 0.65 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Torres, Armi G. on 12.02.92
Modified by Polido, Rubyann Robelle on 11.06.20
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.11.01
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