Ecology of Pleuronectes platessa
Main Ref. Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Remarks Lives on mixed bottoms, the older the deeper the occurrence. Small individuals are usually seen on bathing beaches (Ref. 9988). Reported to be a resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612). Feeds mainly on thin-shelled mollusks and polychaetes. Mollusks are the most common items in the diet, but they also catch bottom- dwelling fishes. The most important flatfish for fisheries in Europe.

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Pleuronectes platessa may be found.


Substrate Soft Bottom
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Muus, B. and P. Dahlström, 1978
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.17 0.27 Troph of juv./adults.
From individual food items 3.23 0.50 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
Ref. Rijnsdorp, A.D. and B. Vingerhoed, 2001
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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