Ecology of Mulloidichthys martinicus
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
Remarks Found over sandy areas of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Juveniles are common in seagrass beds (Ref. 9710). Often in schools (Ref. 26938). Forms schools with the smallmouth grunt (Haemulon chrysargyreum), an association regarded as social protective mimicry (Ref. 52492). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 7313). Feeds mostly on benthic organisms (Ref. 33, 26338). Microinvertivore (Ref. 33499, 057616).

Aquatic zones / Water bodies

Marine - Neritic Marine - Oceanic Brackishwater Freshwater
Marine zones / Brackish and freshwater bodies
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Mulloidichthys martinicus may be found.


Substrate : sand;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs: lagoons;
Special habitats Ref. Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994


Ref. Smith, C.L., 1997
Associations schooling;
Associated with Cleaned by Pederson's cleaner shrimp (Periclimenes pedersoni), goby (Gobiosoma evelynae), and wrasse (Thalassoma trifasciatum) as observed on the coral reefs in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles (Ref. 36810).
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit Ref. Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff, 2005
Trophic Level(s)
Estimation method Original sample Unfished population Remark
Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 3.21 0.13 3.15 0.30 Troph of juv./adults from 3 studies.
From individual food items 3.50 0.37 Tentative trophic level derived from 1 + troph of a single food item
Ref. Randall, J.E., 1967
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
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