Heteropriacanthus cruentatus was reported from 133 countries/islands


Table 1: the species is currently present in 133 of them (endemic, native, introduced);
Table 2: possible in 0 of them (stray, questionable);
Table 3: absent from 0 of them (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: all reports listed together.

Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and tropically influenced seas. Western Atlantic: continental waters from off Florida to Flower Garden Reef off Texas in the Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean islands and along the coast of South America to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: eastern and mid Atlantic islands from Madeira to St. Helena; not recorded from African continental waters. Indo-Pacific: South and eastern Africa (excluding the Red Sea) eastward in island habitats through the central Pacific. Eastern Pacific: island habitats from off Baja California to the Galapagos; probably uncommon along coast of Mexico, Central and South America, questionably to Chile.
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Table 1: Present in 133 countries/islands (endemic, native, introduced)
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
North America Anguilla AIA native 26938
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 3800
South America Argentina ARG native 5403
North America Aruba ABW native 5217
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
North America Bahamas BHS native 5521
Asia Bangladesh BGD native 114064
North America Barbados BRB native 3800
Africa Bassas da India BSI native 124899
North America Belize BLZ native 5403
North America Bermuda BMU native 5403
North America Bon. Eust. Saba BES native 114064
South America Brazil BRA native 57756
Asia Brunei Darsm BRN native 114064
Asia Cambodia KHM native 114064
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 5403
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 94080
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 26938
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
South America Cocos I. (C.R.) CCC native 5403
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 5403
South America Colombia COL native 9335
Africa Comoros COM native 114064
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 3800
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 5403
Africa Djibouti DJI native 114064
North America Dominica DMA native 3800
North America Dominican Rp DOM native 3800
Oceania Easter I. EAS native 89467
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
North America El Salvador SLV native 114064
Africa Eritrea ERI native 114064
South America Falkland Is. FLK native 114064
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5403
Europe France FRA native 114064
South America French Guiana GUF native 5217
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 5403
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5403
North America Grenada GRD native 3800
North America Guadeloupe GLP native 26938
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 3800
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 5217
North America Haiti HTI native 5403
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 3800
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5403
Asia Iran IRN native 114064
North America Jamaica JAM native 5403
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Oceania Johnston I. JTN native 5403
Africa Kenya KEN native 5403
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 5403
Asia Korea (South) KOR native 114064
Oceania Lord Howe I. LHI native 8879
Africa Madagascar MDG native 114031
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Malaysia MYS native 114064
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 5403
North America Martinique MTQ native 26252
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 114064
North America Mexico MEX native 5403
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 37816
North America Montserrat MSR native 26938
Africa Morocco MAR native 114064
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Asia Myanmar MMR native 114064
Oceania Nauru NRU native 114064
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 9070
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 114064
North America Nicaragua NIC native 3800
Oceania Niue NIU native 114064
Oceania Norfolk I. NFK native 8879
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 6306
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 114064
Asia Pakistan PAK native 114064
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 5403
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
Asia Philippines PHL native 5403
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 87915
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
North America Revillagigedo REV native 5403
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 559
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Sao Tome Princ. STP native 34088
Africa Seychelles SYC native 5403
Asia Singapore SGP native 114064
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 114064
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 5403
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 114064
Africa St Helena SHN native 5403
North America St Kitts Nevis KNA native 3800
North America St Lucia LCA native 9761
North America St Maarten (NL) SXM native 114064
North America St Vincent Gren. VCT native 3800
South America Suriname SUR native 5217
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5403
Africa Tanzania TZA native 5403
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 3136
Oceania Tuamotu Is. TUA native 5403
North America Turks Caicos Is. TCA native 26938
Oceania Tuvalu TUV native 114064
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 114064
South America Uruguay URY native 114064
Oceania US Minor Is. UMI native 114064
North America USA USA native 5403
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 114064
South America Venezuela VEN native 5217
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 12846
North America Virgin Is. (UK) VGB native 26938
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 114064
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF native 114064
Asia Yemen YEM native 28016

Table 4: Reported from 133 countries/islands.
Continent Country Occurrence Main Ref.
Oceania American Samoa ASM native 592
Asia Andaman Is. ANI native 87596
Africa Angola AGO native 3166
North America Anguilla AIA native 26938
North America Antigua Barbuda ATG native 3800
South America Argentina ARG native 5403
North America Aruba ABW native 5217
Africa Ascension I. ASC native 98447
Oceania Australia AUS native 75154
North America Bahamas BHS native 5521
Asia Bangladesh BGD native 114064
North America Barbados BRB native 3800
Africa Bassas da India BSI native 124899
North America Belize BLZ native 5403
North America Bermuda BMU native 5403
North America Bon. Eust. Saba BES native 114064
South America Brazil BRA native 57756
Asia Brunei Darsm BRN native 114064
Asia Cambodia KHM native 114064
Africa Canary Is. CNY native 5403
Africa Cape Verde CPV native 94080
North America Cayman Is. CYM native 26938
Asia Chagos Is. CHG native 27307
Asia China CHN native 57879
Asia Christmas I. CXR native 30874
South America Cocos I. (C.R.) CCC native 5403
Asia Cocos Is. (Keel) CCK native 5403
South America Colombia COL native 9335
Africa Comoros COM native 114064
Oceania Cook Is. COK native 34027
North America Costa Rica CRI native 3800
North America Cuba CUB native 54206
North America Curaçao I. CUW native 5403
Africa Djibouti DJI native 114064
North America Dominica DMA native 3800
North America Dominican Rp DOM native 3800
Oceania Easter I. EAS native 89467
South America Ecuador ECU native 40498
North America El Salvador SLV native 114064
Africa Eritrea ERI native 114064
South America Falkland Is. FLK native 114064
Oceania Fiji FJI native 5403
Europe France FRA native 114064
South America French Guiana GUF native 5217
Oceania French Polynesia PYF native 5403
South America Galapagos Is. GOS native 5403
North America Grenada GRD native 3800
North America Guadeloupe GLP native 26938
Oceania Guam GUM native 37816
North America Guatemala GTM native 3800
Africa Guinea-Bissau GNB native 26999
South America Guyana GUY native 5217
North America Haiti HTI native 5403
Oceania Hawaii HWI native 58302
North America Honduras HND native 3800
Asia Hong Kong HKG native 31075
Asia India IND native 45255
Asia Indonesia IDN native 5403
Asia Iran IRN native 114064
North America Jamaica JAM native 5403
Asia Japan JPN native 559
Oceania Johnston I. JTN native 5403
Africa Kenya KEN native 5403
Oceania Kiribati KIR native 5403
Asia Korea (South) KOR native 114064
Oceania Lord Howe I. LHI native 8879
Africa Madagascar MDG native 114031
Africa Madeira Is. MRA native 74541
Asia Malaysia MYS native 114064
Asia Maldives MDV native 11303
Oceania Marshall Is. MHL native 5403
North America Martinique MTQ native 26252
Africa Mauritius MUS native 58078
Africa Mayotte MYT native 114064
North America Mexico MEX native 5403
Oceania Micronesia FSM native 37816
North America Montserrat MSR native 26938
Africa Morocco MAR native 114064
Africa Mozambique MOZ native 57683
Asia Myanmar MMR native 114064
Oceania Nauru NRU native 114064
Oceania New Caledonia NCL native 9070
Oceania New Zealand NZL native 114064
North America Nicaragua NIC native 3800
Oceania Niue NIU native 114064
Oceania Norfolk I. NFK native 8879
Oceania North Marianas MNP native 6306
Asia Ogasawara Is. OGW native 26066
Asia Oman OMN native 114064
Asia Pakistan PAK native 114064
Oceania Palau PLW native 37816
North America Panama PAN native 5403
Oceania Papua New Guinea PNG native 6771
Asia Philippines PHL native 5403
Oceania Pitcairn PCN native 87915
North America Puerto Rico PRI native 50307
Africa Réunion REU native 53568
North America Revillagigedo REV native 5403
Asia Ryukyu Is. RYU native 559
Oceania Samoa WSM native 592
Africa Sao Tome Princ. STP native 34088
Africa Seychelles SYC native 5403
Asia Singapore SGP native 114064
Oceania Solomon Is. SLB native 114064
Africa Somalia SOM native 30573
Africa South Africa ZAF native 5403
Asia Sri Lanka LKA native 114064
Africa St Helena SHN native 5403
North America St Kitts Nevis KNA native 3800
North America St Lucia LCA native 9761
North America St Maarten (NL) SXM native 114064
North America St Vincent Gren. VCT native 3800
South America Suriname SUR native 5217
Asia Taiwan TWN native 5403
Africa Tanzania TZA native 5403
Asia Thailand THA native 37773
Oceania Tonga TON native 53797
North America Trinidad Tobago TTO native 3136
Oceania Tuamotu Is. TUA native 5403
North America Turks Caicos Is. TCA native 26938
Oceania Tuvalu TUV native 114064
Asia United Arab Em. ARE native 114064
South America Uruguay URY native 114064
Oceania US Minor Is. UMI native 114064
North America USA USA native 5403
Oceania Vanuatu VUT native 114064
South America Venezuela VEN native 5217
Asia Viet Nam VNM native 12846
North America Virgin Is. (UK) VGB native 26938
North America Virgin Is. (US) VIR native 26180
Oceania Wake I. WAK native 114064
Oceania Wallis Futuna WLF native 114064
Asia Yemen YEM native 28016
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The map in this page was supported by BioFresh that has received funding from the
European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 226874

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