Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Lotidae
(Hakes and burbots)
Etymology: Gaidropsarus: Greek, ga, ge = the earth + Greek, ydro = water + Greek psaros = speckled, starling (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 500 m (Ref. 9003). Temperate
Southwest Pacific: Tasmania and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9985); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30464)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 50 - 59;
Vertebrae: 46 - 49. First dorsal reduced to a single ray followed by a band of brush-like filaments; second dorsal with 55-69 soft rays; gill rakers rudimentary (Ref. 9003). Caudal fin rounded. Dark brownish grey to reddish brown, paler below, sometimes with yellowish tinge (Ref. 9003).
Inhabits rock pools and shallow coastal waters; secretive species (Ref. 30464). Feeds on small invertebrates and fish (Ref. 9003). Probably nocturnal (Ref. 9003).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Svetovidov, A.N., 1986. Review of the three-bearded rocklings of the genus Gaidropsaurus Rafinesque, 1810 (Gadidae) with description of a new species. J. Ichthyol. 26(1)114-135. (Ref. 9985)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.2 - 16.6, mean 14.5 (based on 77 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00199 - 0.00957), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .