Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; non-migratory. Tropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060); 11°S - 28°S
Africa: widely distributed in southern Africa (Ref. 47311). Found in rivers and lakes of the southern Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa and Namibia (Ref. 3788, 47311).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47311)
It is found in schools mainly in the shallow and vegetated part of small rivers, brooks and swamps, and in the shallow parts of lakes (Ref. 47311). Uncommon in floodplains. Feeds on insect larvae, daphnia and other small invertebrates. Serial spawner, lays eggs on vegetation. Useful as a mosquito control agent (Ref. 7248). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wildekamp, R.H., 1995. A world of killies. Atlas of the oviparous cyprinodontiform fishes of the world. Volume II. The genera Aplocheilichthys, Aplocheilus, Austrofundulus, Campellolebias, Crenichthys, Cualac, Cubanichthys. Cynolebias, Cynopoecilus and Cyprinodon. The American Killifish Association, Inc. 384 p. (Ref. 47311)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00166 - 0.01147), b=3.13 (2.90 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .