Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Phosichthyidae
Etymology: Vinciguerria: Because of Decio Vinciguerria, Italian ichthyiologist from Genova, 1856-1934 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Williams.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 20 - 5000 m (Ref. 4470), usually ? - 400 m (Ref. 3988). Deep-water; 42°N -
Western Central Atlantic: Florida (USA), Cuba and the Antilles, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean (Ref. 26340). Eastern Atlantic: 42°N to the tropical region. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indo-Pacific. Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.4, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51999); common length : 3.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527)
soft rays: 13 - 16. Dorsum dark, flanks silvery; upper pectoral and outer caudal speckled (Ref. 3988). Two suborbital photophores present, anal fin originated beneath the middle or latter half of the dorsal fin (Ref. 37473).
Epi- to abyssopelagic (Ref. 58302) but usually mesopelagic, mainly found at 200-400 m by day and upper 100 m by night (Ref. 4778). Both juveniles and adults exhibit diel vertical migration (Ref. 4778). Feeds mainly on copepods, feeding intensively in the afternoon to early evening (Ref. 4778). Adult photophore complement attained at about 18-20 mm SL (Ref. 4778).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quéro, J.-C., J.C. Njock and M.M. de la Hoz, 1990. Photichthyidae. p. 343-348. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4470)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 28.8, mean 24.6 (based on 6344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00383 - 0.01727), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 0.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1; K=5.9; tmax=0.6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .