Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 1800 m (Ref. 87004), usually 100 - 1100 m (Ref. 87004). Subtropical; 75°N - 25°S, 85°W - 0°W
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Atlantic Ocean: From Iceland to Brazil and Guinea Gulf, from Caribbean to West Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35204)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Individuals 7.5 cm SL and longer mostly occur in the boreal areas, while those less than this the length occur in the tropical areas (Ref. 87004). Maximum length reported in Ref. 87004: 11 cm TL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Santos, R.S., F.M. Porteiro and J.P. Barreiros, 1997. Marine fishes of the Azores: annotated checklist and bibliography. Bulletin of the University of Azores. Supplement 1. 244 p. (Ref. 35204)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.7 - 18.6, mean 7.7 (based on 1396 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5176 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .