Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: Enigmacanthus: Latin, aenigma = to speak allusively or obscurely + Greek, akantha = thorn; filamentosus: Named in reference to its filamentous second ray in the male's soft dorsal fin (Ref. 48594).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 36 - 67 m (Ref. 48594). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles and the Marshall Islands. Probably more widespread in insular areas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48594); 2.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 26;
Vertebrae: 19. Maximum known size small (3.6 cm SL); soft Doral rays 27-28; anal rays 26; pectoral rays 11/11; dorsal profile of snout straight in male, slightly concave in female, without prominent hump just before nostrils; soft dorsal and anal fins not elevated anteriorly, outer margins convex; soft dorsal fin of male with second ray elongate and filamentous; caudal fin moderately long (about equal to head length), posterior margin convex; pelvis capable of moving vertically through an arc of about 40 degrees, producing a moderately large ventral flap; lobe on rear of pelvis small, directed dorsoposteriorly; pelvic fin rudiment relatively short and small, posterior segment movably articulated with pelvis; midbody scales each with up to six minute spinules located on a transverse ridge, those on caudal peduncle of male slightly longer, recurved, forming a poorly defined patch of bristles (Ref. 48594).
Inhabits sandy bottoms, possibly in areas with scattered coral clumps (Ref. 48594).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hutchins, J.B., 2002. Description of a new genus and species of miniature monacanthid fish from the Seychelles and Marshall Islands. Rec. West. Aus. Mus. 21(2):213-219. (Ref. 48594)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.3 - 28.6, mean 25.9 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01034 - 0.04421), b=2.91 (2.74 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .