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Pristicon trimaculatus (Cuvier, 1828)

Three-spot cardinalfish
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Pristicon trimaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 35 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical; 30°N - 18°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Western Australia and the southern Great Barrier Reef, east to Samoa and the Marshall Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40889); common length : 12.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8. Juveniles have intense dark markings on a light background (Ref. 37816). Adults dusky (Ref. 48635).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits inshore coral reefs (Ref. 40889). Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Solitary, also found in reef crevices and ledges in 1-35 m (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and T.H. Fraser, 1999. Clarification of the western Pacific cardinalfish species Apogon trimaculatus and A. rhodopterus, with description of a similar new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 47(2):617-633. (Ref. 40889)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.9 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 2023 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01068 - 0.02961), b=2.96 (2.82 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .