Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gmelin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Temperate; 46°N - 65°S, 98°W - 42°E
Atlantic Ocean. Warm water; eastern and western coasts, including the Mediterranean and southern Black Sea. Replaced by Scomber japonicus in the Indo-Pacific.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91095)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collette, B.B., 1999. Mackerels, molecules, and morphology. p. 149-164. In B. Séret and J.-Y. Sire (eds.) Proc. 5th Indo-Pac. Fish Conf., Noumea, Paris. (Ref. 33246)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.9 - 27.3, mean 22.5 (based on 492 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00413 - 0.01528), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.63 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 5.2 (3.5 - 5.8) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 18 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 0.60, 95% CL = 0.39 - 0.90, Based on 6 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .