Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 82685). Subtropical
Asia: Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan. Oceania: Guam, Mariana Islands and Babelthuap, Palau.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 2.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28731); 4.2 cm SL (female)
Adults inhabit small, clear streams with rocky bottoms usually covered with dense mats or clumps of algae (Ref. 28731). This species produces small pyriform eggs, laid on the undersurfaces of stones in freshwater streams. Newly hatched larvae are small (0.12-0.13 cm in notochord length) and poorly developed. These migrate downstream to the sea shortly after hatching at dusk, where they develop as pelagic larvae for 2.5-5 months. Pelagic larvae may potentially disperse to distant islands before migrating to freshwater streams when they reach 1.3-1.4 cm standard length (SL) where they grow further and reproduce (Ref. 95104).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Watson, R.E and I.-S. Chen, 1998. Freshwater gobies of the genus Stiphodon from Japan and Taiwan (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Sicydiini). Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aquat. Biol. 3(2):55-66. (Ref. 28731)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00423 - 0.02842), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=0.5; tmax<2;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .