Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Pseudotothyris: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, ous, otis = ear + Greek, thyris, -idos = little door (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: coastal drainages in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36885)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5 - 6;
Vertebrae: 28. Pseudotothyris janeirensis is distinguished from all congeners by possessing dorsal-fin spinelet (vs. absent); transverse dark saddles on the dorsum absent (vs. present); subocular cheek plate always absent (vs. generally present); and odontodes on lateral plates aligned in well-defined series (vs. randomly distributed). It can be diagnosed from Pseudotothyris obtusa by having
abdomen almost entirely naked, except for one to three lateral abdominal plates and one to two preanal plates (vs. abdomen partially or totally covered by scattered plates); 31-35 teeth on upper pharyngeal toothplate (vs. 20-30); and 18-23 teeth on ceratobranchial 5 (vs. 12-15 ). It differs differs from Pseudotothyris ignota by having the anterior margin of snout completely covered by odontodes (vs. anterior margin of snout with an odontode-free band) (Ref. 116384).
Collected from a lentic environment, regionally known as açude, a kind of water reservoir. It is uncommon for Pseudotothyris and for the majority of the members of Hypoptopomatinae to occur in this type of habitat (Ref. 116384).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Martins, F.O., H.A. Britski and F. Langeani, 2014. Systematics of Pseudotothyris (Loricariidae: Hypoptopomatinae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 170:822-874. (Ref. 116384)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00273 - 0.02536), b=3.05 (2.80 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .